Treatment[ edit ] Cervical cryotherapy The treatment of cervical cancer varies worldwide, largely due to access to surgeons skilled in radical pelvic surgery, and the emergence of fertility-sparing therapy in developed nations. Because cervical cancers are radiosensitive, radiation may be used in all stages where surgical options do not exist. Surgical intervention may have better outcomes than radiological approaches.
Cervical Cancer Overview What is cervical cancer? Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix, the narrow opening into the uterus from the vagina. Most cervical cancers 80 to 90 percent are squamous cell cancers.
Adenocarcinoma is the second most common type of cervical cancer, accounting for the remaining 10 to 20 percent of cases.
Adenocarcinoma develops from the glands that produce mucus in the endocervix. While less common than squamous cell carcinoma, the incidence of adenocarcinoma is on the rise, particularly in younger women.
More than 13, women in the United States will be diagnosed with cervical cancer each year, and more than 4, of women will die. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer for women worldwide, but because it develops over time, it is also one of the most preventable types Women and cancer cancer.
Deaths from cervical cancer in the United States continue to decline by approximately 2 percent a year.
This decline is primarily due to the widespread use of the Pap test to detect cervical abnormalities and allow for early treatment. Most women who have abnormal cervical cell changes that progress to cervical cancer have never had a Pap test or have not had one in the previous three to five years.
Cervical cancer tends to occur during midlife. It is most frequently diagnosed in women between the ages of 35 and It rarely affects women under age 20, and more than 15 percent of diagnoses are made in women older than But in women over 65, cancer typical occurs in women who were not receiving regular screening.
What causes cervical cancer? There are over different types of HPV, most of which are considered low-risk and do not cause cervical cancer.
High-risk HPV types may cause cervical cell abnormalities or cancer. HPV is estimated to be the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. A woman with a persistent HPV infection is at greater risk of developing cervical cell abnormalities and cancer than a woman whose infection resolves on its own.
Certain types of this virus are able to transform normal cervical cells into abnormal ones.
In a small number of cases and usually over a long period of time from several years to several decadessome of these abnormal cells may then develop into cervical cancer. Symptoms of Cervical Cancer Precancerous cervical cell changes and early cancers of the cervix generally do not cause symptoms.
For this reason, regular screening through Pap and HPV tests can help catch precancerous cell changes early and prevent the development of cervical cancer. Possible symptoms of more advanced disease may include abnormal or irregular vaginal bleeding, pain during sex, or vaginal discharge.
Notify your healthcare provider if you experience: Abnormal bleeding, such as Bleeding between regular menstrual periods Bleeding after sexual intercourse Bleeding after a pelvic exam Bleeding after menopause Pelvic pain not related to your menstrual cycle Heavy or unusual discharge that may be watery, thick, and possibly have a foul odor Increased urinary frequency Pain during urination These symptoms could also be signs of other health problems, not related to cervical cancer.
If you experience any of the symptoms above, talk to a healthcare provider.Thousands of women facing cancer also face crushing financial burdens. With time off work, insurance co-pays and the extra expenses which accompany cancer, even the basic expenses of . Explore, interact with, and share cancer statistics.
The website provides detailed statistics on a range of topics including estimated new cancer cases and deaths by sex, state, and cancer . A woman’s lifetime risk of developing breast and/or ovarian cancer is greatly increased if she inherits a harmful mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA Breast cancer: About 12% of women in the general population will develop breast cancer sometime during their lives ().By contrast, a recent large study estimated that about 72% of women who inherit a harmful BRCA1 mutation and about 69% of women who.
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