John McCain History The term Republican was adopted in by supporters of Thomas Jeffersonwho favoured a decentralized government with limited powers.
Abraham Lincoln16th President of the United States — and the first Republican President Founded in the Northern states in by anti-slavery activists, modernizers, ex- Whigs and ex- Free Soilersthe Republican Party quickly became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the briefly popular Know Nothing Party.
The main cause was opposition to the Kansas—Nebraska Actwhich repealed the Missouri Compromise by which slavery was kept out of Kansas.
The Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement where the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party was held on March 20, in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin.
The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, Abraham Lincolnwas elected President.
It oversaw the preserving of the Union, the end of slavery and the provision of equal rights to all men in the American Civil War and Reconstruction — Early Republican ideology was reflected in the slogan "free labor, free land, free men", which had been coined by Salmon P.
The party strove to contain the expansion of slavery, which would cause the collapse of the slave power and the expansion of freedom. Jennisonan anti-slavery militia leader associated with the Jayhawkers from Kansas and an early Republican politician in the region.
Representing the fast-growing Western states, Lincoln won the Republican nomination in and subsequently won the presidency. The party took on the mission of preserving the Union and destroying slavery during the American Civil War and over Reconstruction. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished and was continued mostly to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S.
Grant ran Horace Greeley for the presidency. Arthur pushed for reform of the civil service in Grant18th President of the United States — The Republican Party supported business generally, hard money i. The Republicans have strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition.
As the Northern post-bellum economy boomed with heavy and light industry, railroads, mines, fast-growing cities and prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth.
However, by the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers.
The high McKinley Tariff of hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections, even defeating McKinley himself.
The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in and The election of William McKinley in was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted except for and until McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Panic of and that Republicans would guarantee a sort of pluralism in which all groups would benefit.
By the s, they had adopted as well a hard money system based on the gold standard and fought off efforts to promote inflation through Free Silver.
Fourth Party System and Progressive Era Theodore Roosevelt26th President of the United States — The realignment cemented the Republicans as the party of big business while Theodore Roosevelt added more small business support by his embrace of trust busting.
He handpicked his successor William Howard Taft inbut they became enemies as the party split down the middle. Taft defeated Roosevelt for the nomination and Roosevelt ran on the ticket of his new Progressive "Bull Moose" Party.
He called for social reformsmany of which were later championed by New Deal Democrats in the s. He lost and when most of his supporters returned to the GOP they found they did not agree with the new conservative economic thinkingleading to an ideological shift to the right in the Republican Party.
The national party avoided the prohibition issue after it became law in HardingCalvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover were resoundingly elected inand respectively. The Teapot Dome scandal threatened to hurt the party but Harding died and Coolidge blamed everything on him as the opposition splintered in The pro-business policies of the decade seemed to produce an unprecedented prosperity until the Wall Street Crash of heralded the Great Depression.
New Deal era Main articles: Roosevelt controlled American politics for most of the next three decades, excepting the two-term presidency of Republican Dwight D.
After Roosevelt took office inNew Deal legislation sailed through Congress and the economy moved sharply upward from its nadir in early Whig and Tory: Whig and Tory, members of two opposing political parties or factions in England, particularly during the 18th century.
Originally “Whig” and “Tory” were terms of abuse introduced in during the heated struggle over the bill to exclude James, duke of York (afterward James II), from the.
Republican National Convention in Baltimore nominates Abraham Lincoln on a “National Union Party” platform of Union, victory, and reconciliation.
Andrew Johnson, War Democrat of Tennessee, is chosen as his running mate. Whigs, while not an abolitionist party, believed a strong government served as the protector of Republican principles.
The Democrats, on the other hand, emphasized the right of individual states to create and enforce laws. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican President.
Lincoln, a former Whig (and then "moderate" "anti-slavery" Republican), favored social justice and federal power over states' rights regarding slavery. Democratic Party on Budget & Economy: Click here for 9 full quotes on Budget & Economy OR other political leaders on Budget & Economy..
Create an economy built to last & built from the middle out. (Sep ) OpEd: Republicans want to cut benefits to kids. Nov 22, · Republican Party: Republican Party, one of the two major political parties, alongside the Democratic Party, in the United States. Also known as the Grand Old Party, or GOP, the Republican Party is the largest conservative political party in the U.S.
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