Reprinted in Pravda, 3 Octoberpp. Some comrades affirm that, in consequence of the development of international conditions after the second world war, wars among capitalist countries have ceased to be inevitable. They consider that the contradictions between the camp of socialism and the camp of capitalism are greater than the contradictions among capitalist countries, that the USA has made other capitalist countries sufficiently subservient to itself to prevent them from going to war with one another and weakening one another, that forward- looking people of capitalism: These comrades are mistaken.
Educate people about this: This day was made a holiday in order to celebrate an armistice that ended what was up until that point, inone of the worst things our species had thus far done to itself, namely World War I. World War I, then known simply as the world war or the great war, had been marketed as a war to end war.
Celebrating its end was also understood as celebrating the end of all wars. A ten-year campaign was launched in that in created the Kellogg-Briand Pact, legally banning all wars.
That treaty is still on the books, which is why war making is a criminal act and how Nazis came to be prosecuted for it. Twenty millions of men and women, in that war, were killed outright, or died later from wounds.
The Spanish influenza, admittedly caused by the War and nothing else, killed, in various lands, one hundred million persons more.
It was not an uncommon view. Millions of Americans who had supported World War I came, during the years following its completion on November 11,to reject the idea that anything could ever be gained through warfare. He had viewed the war as a religious crusade and had been reassured by the fact that the United States entered the war on a Good Friday.
By Eddy believed that the campaign for Outlawry amounted, for him, to a noble and glorious cause worthy of sacrifice, or what U. A major factor in this shift was direct experience with the hell of modern warfare, an experience captured for us by the British poet Wilfred Owen in these famous lines: The propaganda machinery invented by President Woodrow Wilson and his Committee on Public Information had drawn Americans into the war with exaggerated and fictional tales of German atrocities in Belgium, posters depicting Jesus Christ in khaki sighting down a gun barrel, and promises of selfless devotion to making the world safe for democracy.
And many had come to resent the manipulation of noble emotions that had pulled an independent nation into overseas barbarity. A war to end wars and make the world safe for democracy cannot end without some lingering demand for peace and justice, or at least for something more valuable than the flu and prohibition.
Even those rejecting the idea that the war could in any way help advance the cause of peace aligned with all those wanting to avoid all future wars — a group that probably encompassed most of the U.
As Wilson had talked up peace as the official reason for going to war, countless souls had taken him extremely seriously.
The decade following the war was a decade of searching for peace: Never in world history was peace so great a desideratum, so much talked about, looked toward, and planned for, as in the decade after the Armistice.
When 17, veterans plus their families and friends marched on Washington in to demand their bonuses, Douglas MacArthur, George Patton, Dwight Eisenhower, and other heroes of the next big war to come attacked the veterans, including by engaging in that greatest of evils with which Saddam Hussein would be endlessly charged: It was only after another world war, an even worse world war, a world war that has in many ways never ended to this day, that Congress, following still another now forgotten war — this one on Korea — changed the name of Armistice Day to Veterans Day on June 1, And it was six-and-a-half years later that Eisenhower warned us that the military industrial complex would completely corrupt our society.
Veterans Day is no longer, for most people, a day to cheer the elimination of war or even to aspire to its abolition. Veterans Day is not even a day on which to mourn or to question why suicide is the top killer of U. Instead, it is a day on which to believe that war is beautiful and good.
The development of new weapons for World War I, including chemical weapons, still kills today. And it was all legal. Incredibly stupid, but totally legal.
Particular atrocities violated laws, but war was not criminal. It never had been, but it soon would be. Wilson praised the peace terms drafted by a conference of women for peace held in the Hague. He received 10, telegrams from women asking him to act.
Historians believe that had he acted in or early in he might very well have helped bring the Great War to an end under circumstances that would have furthered a far more durable peace than the one made eventually at Versailles. Wilson did act on the advice of Addams, and of his Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, but not until it was too late.
By the time he acted, the Germans did not trust a mediator who had been aiding the British war effort. And the number of progressives Wilson brought, at least briefly, to the side of loving war makes Obama look like an amateur. The Outlawry Movement of the s—the movement to outlaw war—sought to replace war with arbitration, by first banning war and then developing a code of international law and a court with the authority to settle disputes.
The first step was taken in with the Kellogg-Briand Pact, which banned all war. Today 81 nations are party to that treaty, including the United States, and many of them comply with it. State Department and then urge the greatest purveyor of violence in the world to comply. I wrote a book about the movement that created that treaty, not just because we need to continue its work, but also because we can learn from its methods.Jun 27, · The end of the Cold War was in a sense a return to the end of World War I, restoring sovereignty to the countries of Eastern Europe, one reason they are so eager to defend it now.
Discussion on The Inevitability of World War One World War I was a unique event, since it was the first war to involve all major powers of the world. Similar legions of rifle-toting troops did the same after World War I ended with the defeat of Germany constitutes an American military victory in the world today?
Would it in any way resemble the end of the Civil War, or of the war to end all wars, or of the war that made that moniker obsolete?
The easiest of those questions to resolve. The war to end all wars has become the war where most, if not all, historians mark the moment that our world stumbled into modernity.
The 'Inevitable' World War. ADD TO SUBSCRIBE. By. The Iraq War and the Inevitability of Ignorance. one after another, all day long. that the way the Ottoman Empire was carved up at the end of World War I essentially set the stage for.
The war to end all wars has become the war where most, if not all, historians mark the moment that our world stumbled into modernity. The 'Inevitable' World War.
ADD TO By submitting this.