Mason Cooley, in City Aphorisms, 3rd Selection Jargon is the verbal sleight of hand that makes the old hat seem newly fashionable. David Lehman, in Signs of the Times Lehman, added: The line between serious and spurious scholarship is an easy one to blur, with jargon on your side. Whitney Balliett, his term for jazz and the title of his book In the Introduction, Balliett wrote:
Manuscript miscellanies were carefully compiled by hand, but also circulated, consumed, and sometimes added to in this organic state — they were a prominent feature of 16th and early 17th century literary culture.
Printed miscellanies, which evolved in the late 17th and 18th centuries, were compiled by editors and published by booksellers in order to make a profit.
While manuscript miscellanies were produced by a small coterie of writers, and so were constructed around their own personal tastes, printed miscellanies were increasingly aimed towards a popular audience, and bear the marks of commercially driven, money making, opportunistic endeavours.
However, the formal production of literary miscellanies came into its established form in the 16th and 17th centuries, and reached a highpoint in the 18th century. Although literary miscellanies would often contain critical essays and extracts of prose or drama, their main focus was popular verseoften including songs.
At this time poetry was still a dominant literary form, for both low and high literature, and its variety and accessibility further suited it to miscellaneous publication. A few examples are given here to illustrate the range of material typically found. The 9th-century Irish Book of Armagh is also mostly in Latin but includes some of the earliest surviving Old Irish writing, as well as several texts on Saint Patricksignificant sections of the New Testamentand a 4th-century saint's Life.
It is famous for the only text of Beowulf but also includes a life of Saint ChristopherWonders of the East a description of various far-off lands and their fantastic inhabitantsa translation of a Letter of Alexander to Aristotle, and the poem Judith based on the Old Testament Book of Judith.
The Lacnunga is a 10th or 11th century miscellany in Old English, Latin and Old Irish, with health-related texts taking a wide range of approaches, from herbal medicine and other medical procedures, to prayers and charms. The lavishly illuminated late 13th century North French Hebrew Miscellany contains mostly biblical and liturgical texts, but also legal material, over poems, and calendars.
The Trevelyon Miscellany ofan oversized illustrated manuscript of pages, depicts a wide range of subjects including herbal cures, biblical stories, a list of the mayors of London, proverbs, calendars, and embroidery patterns.
A love poem in a distinctive hand from The Devonshire Manuscript57r. Verse miscellanies are collections of poems or poetic extracts that vary in authorship, genre, and subject matter. The earlier tradition of manuscript verse continued to be produced in the 16th century and onwards, and many of these early examples are preserved in national, state, and university libraries, as well as in private collections.
The Devonshire Manuscript is a verse miscellany that was produced in the s and early s, and contains a range of works, from original pieces and fragments to translations and medieval verse.
Compiled by three eminent women, it is one of the first examples of men and women collaborating on a literary work. First printed init ran into nine further editions before ; it was not then printed again until the 18th century. The practice of attributing poems in miscellanies was equally varied: Often authors were indicated by a set of initials, a partial name, or by reference to a previous poem "by the same hand"; equally often there were anonymous or pseudonymous attributions, as well as misattributions to other authors — or even made-up or deceased persons.
Within a miscellany, editors and booksellers would often exercise considerable freedom in reproducing, altering, and extracting texts. Due to early copyright laws, lesser-known authors would regularly play no part in the printing process, receive no remuneration or royaltiesand their works could be freely redistributed and sometimes even pirated once in the public domain.
Throughout the 18th century, the miscellany was the customary mode through which popular verse and occasional poetry would be printed, circulated, and consumed. Suarez, one of the leading authorities on miscellanies, states: The importance of printed miscellanies is evidenced by the fact that there are some 1, surviving verse miscellanies and anthologies including reprints and separate issues, but excluding songbooks for the seventy-five years from to — more than fifteen per annum.
However, they were also marketed with practical purposes in mind: It consists of rhymes and morals for each letter of the alphabet. Range of titles and audiences[ edit ] In a competitive market the title of miscellanies was increasingly important. Without a specific selling-point, more generic complications would use catch-all titles as a tactic to familiarise themselves with a wide range of audiences and to appeal to a breadth of tastes.
Titles could evoke the ornamental The Bouquet: Although an editor might orient the miscellany towards an intended audience, by nature of the variety of verse a much wider readership would have been possible. One-off, occasional miscellanies might prove popular and warrant further volumes or editions, such as political pamphlets Poems on Affairs of State,[ebook 8] resort-based works Tunbrigalia:The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man study guide contains a biography of James Weldon Johnson, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Ragtime Research Paper examines a novel about a time period that was one of great change, progressive era between 19th and 20th centuries.
E.L. Doctorow’s novel Ragtime is a complex and yet popular novel. Who will be the Pulitzer Prize Winner for Fiction? April 5, The Pulitzer Prizes will be announced April 18 at 3pm ET. Because the names of the finalists are not released ahead of time, the winner is a surprise every year.
In E. L. Doctorow's Ragtime, we learn the story and struggles of distinct genders, classes, races and ethnicities during the turn of the last century. Two such members of these different backgrounds are Tateh and Coalhouse. Ragtime Homework Help Questions What are the themes of Ragtime?
E. L. Doctorow’s novel Ragtime is set at the beginning of the twentieth century mostly on the East Coast of the U.S.A. JUNE EXAMINATIONS SUBJECT ENGLISH, HOME LANGUAGE GRADE 10 PAPER 1 TIME 2hours TOTAL MARK 70 CONTENT: There are 3 components to paper 1.