Problem of good and evil

What is the biblical solution to the problem of evil? Critics claim that the existence of evil is proof that the omnipotentomnibenevolent God of the Bible cannot exist. Scripture not only refers to the problem of evil, but it offers several solutions to it.

Problem of good and evil

From an Anglo-Saxon MS.

Problem of good and evil

We read in the Vision of Perpetua: The old views are, as a rule, preserved but transformed. There is nowhere an absolutely new start.

Either the main idea is preserved and details are changed, or vice versa, the main idea is objected to while the details p.

Changes of a radical nature take place in the religious conceptions of mankind, yet the historical connexion is preserved. Italian miniature of the thirteenth century. But for that reason we must recognise the prestige of the Devil.

Logical Problem of Evil | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The pedigree of the Evil One Problem of good and evil older than the oldest European aristocracy and royal p. Having outlined in the preceding chapters the history of the Devil, we shall now devote the conclusion of this book to a philosophical consideration of the idea of evil; and here we are first of all confronted with the problem of the objective existence of evil.

The Era of Subjectivism. The question presents itself: Is it not a relative term which ought to be dropped as a one-sided conception of things? Does it not exist simply because we view life from our own subjective standpoint, and must it not disappear as soon as we learn to comprehend the world in its objective reality?

In ancient times man was in the habit of objectifying the various aspirations and impulses of his soul. In order to understand beauty the Greek mind fashioned the ideal of Aphrodite, and the moral authority of righteousness appeared to the Jew as Yahveh the Lord, the Legislator of Mount Sinai.

Religious aspirations were actualised in the Church by means of ceremonials and ecclesiastical institutions. Things changed at the opening of that era in the evolution of mankind which is commonly called modern history.

A new age was prepared through the inventions of gunpowder, the compass, and printing, and began at p. The more the horizon of the known world grew, the more man began to comprehend the importance of his own subjectivity.

The tendency of philosophy since Descartes and of religion since Luther, has been to concentrate everything in man's individual consciousness. That alone should have value which had become part of man's soul. Man's consciousness became his world, and thus, in religion, conscience began to be regarded as the ultimate basis of conduct.

Men felt that religion should not be an external, but an internal, factor. Toleration became a universal requirement, and subjectivity was made the cornerstone of public and private life. Thus the era of the Reformation showed itself as a revolutionary movement, which, proclaiming the right of individualism and subjectivity, overthrew the traditional authority of an external objectivity.

The Problem of Evil | Catholic Answers

The originators of this movement did not intend to discard all objective authority, but the spirit of nominalism which dominated them prevailed over their movement in its further progress.

The last consequences of the principle of subjectivity, which starts with the famous assumption cogito ergo sum, were not anticipated by Descartes, for he naively assumes objective existence on one of the most trivial arguments.

Nor would Luther with his peculiar education and stubborn narrowness, which were by no means inconsistent accompaniments of his greatness, ever have endorsed later theories based upon the purely subjective aspect of conscience; but the fact remains that the last consequence of the recognition of p.

In ethics it is the refusal to recognise any objective authority in morals; which leads either to Bentham's ethical egotism and hedonism or to intuitionism, and finally to Nietzsche's immoralism.

Our present civilisation is based upon the Protestant ideal of individualism, and nobody who lives and moves in our time can be blind to the enormous benefits which we derive from it.

Nevertheless, we must beware of the onesidedness of subjectivism. Objectivism is not so utterly erroneous in principle as it appears from the point of view of modern subjectivism.

The external methods of the Roman Church are mistaken; the tyranny of its hierarchical system which substitutes the priest's authority and an infallible papacy for God's authority is radically wrong; and the main task of Protestantism consisted in protesting against this authority, which, in spite of its self-asserted catholicity, is based upon the human authority of fallible mortals, an authority that was more frequently misused through bigotry and ignorance than through malice and selfishness.

There are Protestants who might object that Protestantism is not merely negative; it is also positive. It is not only a protest, but also an affirmation. But most of the Protestant affirmations are simply relies of the old Romanism which bound the consciences p.

The fanatics among the Protestants are by no means friends of liberty and free inquiry; and the positive power, the new factor in history that was destined to build up a new civilisation, was nothing else than Science.

Therefore, Protestantism is not as yet the last word spoken in the religious development of mankind. We must look to higher aims and more positive issues, and a new reformation of the Church will obtain them only on the condition of its again recognising the importance of objectivity.In religion, ethics, philosophy, and psychology "good and evil" is a very common dichotomy.

In cultures with Manichaean and Abrahamic religious influence, evil is usually perceived as the dualistic antagonistic opposite of good, One problem [according to whom?]. good", of "problem of evil and suffering" with the "problem of loss of good and suffering", but it neither addresses the issue from the theoretical point of view nor from the experiential point of.

In religion, ethics, philosophy, and psychology "good and evil" is a very common cultures with Manichaean and Abrahamic religious influence, evil is usually perceived as the dualistic antagonistic opposite of good, in which good should prevail and evil should be defeated.

In cultures with Buddhist spiritual influence, both good and evil are perceived as part of an antagonistic. God and the Problem of Evil considers the question ofwhether the amount of seemingly pointless malice and suffering inour world counts against the rationality of belief in God, a beingwho is understood to be all-powerful, all-knowing, and yunusemremert.coms: 3.

Question: "What is the biblical solution to the problem of evil?" Answer: Broadly stated, the “problem of evil” is the seeming contradiction between an all-powerful, all-loving God and the human experience of suffering and evil in the world.

Critics claim that the existence of evil is proof that the omnipotent, omnibenevolent God of the Bible cannot exist. Now, the problem of evil is a hot topic in secular ethics and the sciences, as thinkers try to understand how notions of good and evil were developed over time and how this relates to the creation of religions.

What is the problem of good?