Figure 2 Parity Automaton with one input Now suppose we ask the question: Making the quantification over states more explicit: Mental states can be totally characterized in terms that involve only logico-mathematical language and terms for input signals and behavioral outputs. Thus functionalism satisfies one of the desiderata of behaviorism, characterizing the mental in entirely non-mental language.
Non-physical causation may simply be an artifact of the dualist theory 2. In fact, this sort of causation is more basic than the manifestation of a disposition c. Central State Identity Theory 1. Mental states are identical to neurophysiological states 2. Isn't it possible for the alien to feel pain?
Functionalism is the philosophy of mind that defines types of mental states in terms of their causal roles 1. Fodor explains this by comparing a "behaviorist" with a "functionalist" Coke machine a. Some philosophers object to functionalism on the grounds that it is question-begging, circular, or trivial 1.
The Turing machine could be made out of anything -- mechanical, electrical, even a roomful of people D. Machine functionalism then avoids the circularity problem by restricting functionally defined mental states to those that can be expressed in terms of the program states of a Turing machine 1.
Objections to Functionalism A. On the problem of qualia, see Churchland E. Functionalism and the representational theory of mind A.
Mental symbols 1. Problem with the resemblance theory of meaning 1.
Hence, the belief that "John is tall" derives its meaning a.The identity theory of mind holds that states and processes of the mind are identical to states and processes of the brain.
Strictly speaking, it need not hold that the mind is identical to the brain. The Mind-Body Problem Today Gabriel Vacariu. Department of Philosophy, University of Bucharest, Roumania.
Even if the majority of researchers in this domain accept the identity theory from an onto- Cognitive Neuroscience, Mind, Brain, Epistemologically Different Worlds. Introduction. In cognitive (neuro) science during the last few.
Philosophers have been talking about brain states for almost 50 years and as of yet no one has articulated a theoretical account of what one is.
In fact this issue has received almost no attention and cognitive scientists still use meaningless phrases like ‘C-fiber firing’ and ‘neuronal activity’ when theorizing about the relation of the mind to the brain. Philosophy Chap 2 study guide by alowry includes 36 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Search. What did J.J.C Smart have to add to the mind brain identity theory. He talked about neurons. John Locke speaks of personal identity and survival of consciousness after death.
A criterion of personal identity through time is given.
Such a criterion specifies, insofar as that is possible, the necessary and sufficient conditions for the survival of persons. Neurological studies have shown that physical damage to the brain, the use of drugs and the aging of human beings all these affect the human mind.
List the three physical theories of the mind. Behaviorism, Identity Theory and Functionalism.