Human eye research paper

Eye irritation[ edit ] Conjunctival injection, or redness of the sclera surrounding the iris and pupil Eye irritation has been defined as "the magnitude of any stinging, scratching, burning, or other irritating sensation from the eye".

Human eye research paper

Getty Images Advertisement Paul Kwiat asks his volunteers to sit inside a small, dark room. Will humans see any difference? According to standard quantum mechanics, they will not—but such a test has never been done. The effort to determine whether humans can directly detect single photons has a storied history.

In researchers from Columbia University reported in Science the human eye can see a flash from as few as five photons landing on the retina. More than three decades later Barbara Sakitt, a biophysicist then at the University of California, Berkeley, performed experiments suggesting that the eye could see a single photon.

But these experiments were far from conclusive. That is, there was no guarantee each of these early trials involved just one photon. Then, incame firm evidence that individual photoreceptors, or rod cells, can detect single photons—at least in the eyes of a frog.

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That is not the same as saying those rod cells do the same in a living frog—or, for that matter, a human being. So Kwiat, along with Illinois colleague physicist Anthony Leggett and others, began envisioning tests of human vision using single-photon sources.

Their key concern is the low efficiency of the eye as a photon detector. Any incident photon has to get past the cornea, the clear outer layer of the eye, which reflects some of the light.

The photon then enters a lens that, together with the cornea, focuses the light on the retina at the back of the eye. But between the lens and the retina is a clear, gel-like substance that gives the eye its shape—and this too can absorb or scatter the photon.

Effectively, less than 10 percent of the photons that hit the cornea make it to the rod cells in the retina, which result in nerve signals that travel into the brain, causing perception.

So getting statistically significant results that rise above chance is a daunting challenge. That has not stopped them from dreaming up new experiments. In the standard setup a half-silvered mirror steers a photon to either the left or the right fiber.

Human eye research paper

But it is trivial using quantum optics to put the photon in a superposition of going through both fibers, and onto both sides of the eye, at once. What occurs next depends on what one believes happens to the photon.

Before the superposed photon hits the eye its wave function is spread out, and the photon has an equal probability of being seen on the left or the right. But if their experiment finds an irrefutable, statistically significant difference, it would signal something amiss with quantum physics.

Such a result would point toward a possible resolution of the central concern of quantum mechanics:The eye can detect light at wavelengths in the visual spectrum. Other wavelengths, such as infrared and ultraviolet, are supposed to be invisible to the human eye, but Washington University.

The Human Eye and Night Vision Goggles Vision is a physical sense that uses light to provide information to the brain in order to make conclusions about the surroundings.

The human eye is an intricate organ that works best when there is an adequate supply of light.4/4(1). The human eye is a well-tread example of how evolution can produce a clunky design even when the result is a well-performing anatomical product.

By "augmenting human intellect" we mean increasing the capability of a man to approach a complex problem situation, to gain comprehension to suit his particular needs, and to derive solutions to problems. Below is an essay on "The Human Eye" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The Human Eye The human eye /5(1). Learn how to dissect a cow's eye in your classroom. This resource includes: a step-by-step, hints and tips, a cow eye primer, and a glossary of terms.

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