Namus The cultural features which lead to honor killings are complex. Honor killings involve violence and fear as a tool of maintaining control.
So long as they are obedient to their fathers and husbands, they are a source of pride. How frequent are honor crimes? According to UN statistics available, some 5, honor killings a year are reported worldwide.
But many experts believe the real number is much higher because many honor crimes are often hidden from the police. The hiding of honor crimes is possible because they often take place within a family. The crime is kept secret through a code of silence.
Jacqueline Thibault, whose Swiss-based association Surgir protects potential victims of honor killings in the Middle East, says murders are often reported as suicides. In some cases, there is no "need" for a murder because the family pressure is so great that the victim commits suicide herself.
Are honor crimes unique to the Muslim world? No, honor crimes are found in many parts of the globe and are not tied to any single religion. Countries where they take place are as diverse as Brazil and India, Pakistan and Albania.
However, they occur with the greatest frequency in the Middle East and South Asia and only sparingly in South America and Central Asia, as well as among some immigrant populations in Europe.
But there are also economic factors at work. Thibault says that in societies that practice arranged marriages, unions are as much about ensuring the common interests of the two families as those of the betrothed. Honor killings are illegal around the world, but many legal systems are lenient with those who commit them because the perpetrators are seen by the society as defending traditional values.
The leniency shows up in legal loopholes that allow killers to go free. He can also hope the other family will accept monetary compensation, or "blood money," for the crime so that he is spared punishment.
How do potential victims of honor killings protect themselves? Because victims are targeted by their own families, protection is very difficult.
However, Thibault notes that women cannot simply ask to be put in jail. The legal system requires they be guilty of a crime, so the girls first confess to a misdemeanor they have not committed. Once in prison, the girls may hope that over time their families may agree to take them back or not to track them down after they are released.
But Thibault, whose organization tries to mediate family reunions in Jordan, says there is never any certainty of forgiveness. Each case has to be followed very closely.
Honor crimes have existed in societies where they no longer exist today, including in remote rural areas of Greece and southern Italy as recently as the early decades of the last century.
But experts say they are hard to eradicate unless laws against them are strictly enforced. The fact that he escaped punishment for that crime only to lose his next wife to an honor killing underlines the revolving-door nature of laws that are not enforced.Honor killings in the Middle East According to UN estimates around women die from honor killings a year in the Middle East (“Honor Killing”).
A Family Conspiracy: Honor Killing, by Phyllis Chesler (New English Review Press, pp., $) Phyllis Chesler pioneered the study of violence against women in the late s, concentrating on women living in North America and Europe. By , she was writing about honor killings, based on. honor crimes, honor killings, Middle East, North Africa, systematic review A decade ago, the United Nations Population Fund (UNPF) estimated that “perhaps as many as 5, women and girls” were killed each year worldwide in the name of “honor”. Toronto Website Design & Toronto SEO. The Ten Worst Countries for Women. Most Women Still Oppressed. The image of the 21st century woman is confident, prosperous, glowing with .
Executive Summary; Section 1. Respect for the Integrity of the Person, Including Freedom from: a. Arbitrary Deprivation of Life and Other Unlawful or Politically Motivated Killings.
Muslims feel personally disrespected if any of these are disgraced. Middle Eastern cultures tend to compete aggressively for honor, so can feel justified using violence to defend their honor (i.e., honor killings, terrorism).
African cultures give a high value to ancestry and have a strong community orientation. Properly honoring the living dead is a crucial part of African religion/culture. An honor killing or shame killing is the murder of a member of a family, due to the perpetrators' belief that the victim has brought shame or dishonor upon the family, or has violated the principles of a community or a religion, usually for reasons such as refusing to enter an arranged marriage, being in a relationship that is disapproved by their family, having sex outside marriage, becoming.
A systematic review of the research literature on honor killings in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) indicates a paucity of studies relative to the presumed magnitude of the problem. A Family Conspiracy: Honor Killing, by Phyllis Chesler (New English Review Press, pp., $) Phyllis Chesler pioneered the study of violence against women in the late s, concentrating on women living in North America and Europe.
By , she was writing about honor killings, based on.