Spread the love By Tricia Hussung How teachers manage their classrooms is an important part of achieving an effective learning environment.
Learning Objectives Know the basic premises of management theories Understand the context for the evolution and development of these theories Know place of these concepts in nursing management The Evolution of Management: The Evolution of Management Before the Industrial Revolution, the economy was based on agriculture Professional managers were not needed because most people worked for themselves.
The Industrial Revolution Refers to the period during which a country develops an industrial economy. By the late s, the economy depended largely on industries such as oil, steel, railroads, and manufactured goods. Many people left their farms to take jobs in factories, where professional managers supervised their work.
The new industrial enterprises that Different management theories in the nineteenth century demanded management skills that had not been necessary earlier. Evolution of Management Theory A.
Also called Taylorismthe Taylor system, or the Classical Perspective. It's a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflow processes, and improving labour productivity.
Jobs should be designed according to scientific rules rather than rule-of-thumb methods. Employees should be selected and trained according to scientific methods. Employers should also train employees in order to improve their performance. The principles of scientific management should be explained to workers.
Management and workers should be interdependent so that they cooperate. Abraham Maslow Maslow believed that individuals fulfill lower-level needs before seeking to fulfill higher-level needs.
Division of labor 2. Authority to give orders 3.
Unity of command 5. Unity of direction 6.
Subordination of individual interest 7. Stability and tenure of staff Esprit de corps Initiative Weber's Bureaucratic Management Weber's Bureaucratic Management Formal system of rules and procedures Hierarchical structure with detailed authority Clear division of labor Rationality Career commitment PowerPoint Presentation: He suggested organizations develop comprehensive and detailed standard operating procedures for all routinized tasks.
Professor Douglas McGregor - Theory X —assumes that people are basically lazy and will avoid working if they can. To make sure that employees work, Theory X managers impose strict rules and make sure that all important decisions are made only by them. Theory Y assumes that people find satisfaction in their work.
Theory Y managers believe that people are creative and will come up with good ideas if encouraged to do so. They tend to give their employees much more freedom and let them make mistakes. Theory Z William Ouchia management researcher developed this new theory in the s Theory Z - business management theory that integrates Japanese and American business practices.
The Japanese business emphasis is on collective decision making, whereas the American emphasis is on individual responsibility.
Importance of an Individual's behavior Compliance Concept of "zone of indifference". Communication Focused on importance of communication in informal organization.
George Elton Mayo - Social man and the need for this in the work place. Mayo found that workers acted according to sentiments and emotion.According to an article in Forbes, Change Management Guru is the world’s oldest yunusemremert.com everyone has a few theories about change management..
While there are many change management models, most companies will choose at least one of the following three models to operate under.
Leadership Management: Principles, Models and Theories Situation All situations are different. What you do in one situation will not always work in.
Identify three management theories (one from classical approaches, one from the human relations approach, and one from the modern management approaches) that you think would be applicable in managing VDOT and the impact this change might have on organizational behavior within VDOT.
Management is both an art and a science. Most modern day workplaces employ multiple management theories to ensure optimal employee output. Until the day computers are able to think, learn and feel emotions, humans will probably be the most complicated assets to .
Leadership styles and theories Charlotte Louise Giltinane District nursing sister, Cambridgeshire Community Services, Cambridge It is useful for healthcare professionals to be able to identify the leadership styles and theories relevant to their nursing practice.
I am interested in identifying the strategic management principles/theories/models that have actually been used in business. Any and all suggestions are welcome, along with appropriate references.