Economic and Social Effects of Crime Crime is a major part of every society. Its costs and effects touch just about everyone to some degree. The types of costs and effects are widely varied.
With the recent surge in crime across the nation, experts are searching for an explanation. David Grossman, a military psychologist, has coined the term "killology" for the new field of studying the "methods and psychological effects of training army recruits to circumvent their natural inhibitions to killing fellow human beings.
In the army, there is a precise procedure followed in order to train soldiers to kill. The procedure is strict and grueling because killing is an entirely unnatural social response. Grossman This innate inability to kill was demonstrated in the Civil War, especially during the battle of Gettysburg.
Perhaps even more astounding was the fact that over half of the guns had multiple loads. This meant that the soldiers were loading time after time without shooting, probably to prevent themselves from having to kill the enemy. Once the army realized the inability of their soldiers to kill, steps were taken to create a soldier "willing to fire to kill.
Even as these methods are used in the military today to train soldiers to kill, many of the same methods are being found today in society. Brutalization occurs in the military at boot camp. Soldiers are physically and verbally abused from the moment they step off the bus by carefully trained professionals.
The method of brutalization is designed to break down the existing values of the soldier and force them to "accept a new set of values that embrace destruction, violence, and death as a way of life. At the age of 18 months, a child can witness something on TV and mimic that action.
Not until the age of 6 or 7 can a child differentiate between reality and fantasy clearly, so when a child sees someone shot, stabbed, raped or murdered, it appears to them that it is actually happening. Children are being exposed to people being killed literally thousands of time in their formative years and are becoming desensitized to death and destruction.
Classical conditioning is a well-known method of connecting an action with a certain feeling. Prisoners were "placed in a ditch and then stabbed to death as countless others watched and cheered. Today in society, the same techniques are apparent.
Children go to the movie theaters and are shown guns, death, and violence as they sit happily in a comfortable chair with candy, popcorn, and their best friends. Children come to associate violence with the good times spent at the theaters with their family and friends.
The third method used by the military to train their soldiers for killing is operant conditioning, a procedure using a method of stimulus-response. Training consists of soldiers being put in situations as real as possible and trained to do the right thing time after time.
Police officers are trained to shoot targets that pop up with guns time after time. Soon, the officers and pilots cease to be conscious of what they are doing, but rather just act because that is what their body tells them to do. In the same manner, children are taught to point and shoot in video games to kill their target.
Children point and shoot time after time until they do it amazingly accurately and quickly. They cease to think about consequences or take their time to think, but rather they just do what their body has been conditioned to do. It is not uncommon to have a kid who "has never picked up a gun in their lives pick up real guns and are incredibly accurate.
Role modeling also plays a role in re-establishing the values of a soldier. A soldier is immediately confronted with the drill sergeant as a role model. Because the drill sergeant "personifies violence and aggression" the soldier believes this to be the correct way to approach life.
Through glorification of movie actors and people in the news, children see the famous faces on television and act to mimic their actions.Essay The Black Death And Its Effects On The Society.
The Black Death which swept through Europe in , and extended until , had devastating effects on the people living in Europe at the time, yet it was crucial to European society 's advancement. Crime and Its Causes. Abstract. The problem of crime has been a constant menace to society.
From petty theft to robbery with violence, crime continues to be a migraine to the government of the day. Unit Crime and its Effects on Society Assignment 2: Effects of crime and how the public services support victims and witnesses of crime In this assignment I will be examining and investigating the effects of crime on individuals, communities and business and discussing the role of services that support victims of crime and witness.
Transcript of Unit 12 - Crime and its Effects on Society Criminal Behaviour Theories It is important when looking at crime that we explore definitions of crime and the theories that attempt to explain why crime happens and how this affects both individuals and communities.
the effects that criminal behaviour has, not just on the actual victim of the crime but also in its widest sense, looking at the costs to society. Individual case studies .
One of the goals of public policy is to focus on solving this problem by trying to identify the origin, scale, damage, and seriousness caused by organized crime so that solutions can be proposed to mitigate its effects on society.